DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.11708 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 11708: Examining the Impact of Social Determinants of Health in Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors: Insights From an Implementation Study in a Rural Primary Care Clinic

Sameer Acharya, Yogesh Yadav, Dibyata Rana, Eric Elzinga, Amna Riaz, Kaili Du, Judy Griffin
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: The social determinants of health (SDoH) are associated with uncontrolled cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and warrant attention.

Methods: We describe methods and cross-sectional results of the SDoH screening and referral system at a resident-run primary care clinic at Cayuga Medical Center (total 30 residents ~539 patients seen/month with 12% no shows) starting from Nov 2019. Eight domains of SDoH including food security, utility, housing, childcare, finances, transportation, literacy, and social support were selected based on local county data and focus group discussions. We developed an annual screening tool and referral system integrated into the electronic medical record for any SDoH positive patients to the community health and social workers (CHW/SW), who facilitated access to community resources. Patient education about available community resources, regular follow-up visits with the physician and CHW/SW, and periodic SDoH screening were other key components.

Results: Among 741 patients (Hypertension and Diabetes), 607 (82%) patients underwent SDoH screening (Table). 200 (33%) patients had at least one domain of SDoH (SDoH +) and received SDoH interventions whereas, 407 (67%) did not have any SDoH. The three most common SDoH were lack of social support (61%), transportation (35%) and finance issues (25%). Patients in the SDoH+ group were younger, with higher percentage of non-White race/ethnicity, unemployment, disability, living alone, current smokers, illicit substance use, anxiety, depression, obesity, and opioid use with statistical significance. However, there were no significant differences in CVD risk factors like SBP (138.3 vs 138.4 mmHg), DBP (84 vs 83 mmHg), HbA1c (6.4 vs 6.2) and LDL-c (103.7 vs 101.5 mg/dL).

Conclusions: In addition to controlling standard CVD risk factors, implementation of SDoH routine screening and referral system in a primary care clinic may help in mitigating CVD burden as seen in our study.

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