DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.11582 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 11582: The Fingertip Artery is Better Than the Brachial Artery in Evaluating Vascular Endothelial Function for Coronary Artery Disease in Diabetic Patients

Ueda Tomohiro
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: Several studies demonstrated that endothelial function is impaired in diabetic patients, but no study evaluated vascular parameters in diabetic patients trough a combined analysis of macro and micro-endothelial function. In addition, the difference in vascular parameters between diabetes patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and without CAD remains unknown. We assessed whether CAD is related to macro or micro vascular endothelial function in diabetic patients.

Hypothesis: We measured vascular function in 219 diabetic patients (age 68±10 years), including 147 patients with CAD (CAD group) and 72 patients without CAD (control group). Flow mediated vasodilatation (FMD)indicating macro-endothelial function in the brachial artery was measured by ultrasound using a semi-automatic device: UNEXEF18G (UNEX Co. Nagoya, Japan). Reactive hyperemia index (RHI) indicating micro-endothelial function in the fingertip artery was measured by peripheral arterial tonometry (EndoPAT 2000). Vascular function tests were measured on the same day.

Results: RHI was significantly impaired in CAD group (RHI: 2.0±0.7 vs.1.7±0.5 P=0.012), however FMD had no deference in the two groups. Logistic regression analysis revealed that RHI (odds ratio: 0.44, 95% confidence interval: 0.21-0.94) was an independent predictor for CAD in diabetic patients.

Conclusions: RHI, an acknowledged marker of micro-endothelial function was a more sensitive method than FMD in evaluating the risk assessment of CAD in diabetic patients. more peripheral vascular endothelial function was associated with CAD in diabetic patients.

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