DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.11419 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 11419: Combination of Right Ventricular Global Longitudinal Strain and Conventional Echocardiographic Parameter Carries Improved Prognostic Value in Submassive Pulmonary Embolism

Shunsuke Eguchi, Yoshiyuki Orihara, Ayumi Eguchi, Michael Pfeiffer, Brandon Peterson, Mohammed Ruzieh, Zhaohui Gao, John Boehmer, John Gorcsan, Ryan Wilson
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction and Hypothesis: Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction has been identified as a prognostic marker for adverse clinical events in patients with submassive pulmonary embolism (PE). We hypothesized that combination of right-sided strain analysis and conventional parameters can further risk stratify patients at high risk for mortality.

Methods: Retrospective cohort study of patients with submassive PE between 2010 and 2018. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality at 30 days. Echocardiographic parameters including right to left ventricular end-diastolic diameter ratio (RV/LV ratio), RV global longitudinal strain (RVGLS), RV free wall strain and right atrium strain were compared between survivors and non-survivors. Multivariable analysis and receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves analysis were used to demonstrate the predictive value of baseline measurements.

Results: 251 patients were analyzed. Overall mortality rate at 30 days was 12.4 %. Multivariable analysis revealed RV/LV ratio was an independent predictor of 30-day mortality in conventional parameters, and RVGLS was also an independent predictor among the three strain parameters. ROC curves indicated that the best cutoff values for RVGLS and RV/LV ratio to predict mortality were 17.7 % and 1.03. When the 230 patients with measurable RVGLS and RV/LV ratio were divided into four groups using both cutoff values, patients with both high RVGLS and low RV/LV ratio had the lowest mortality (1.0 % at 30 days; n = 99) while patients with both low RVGLS and high RV/LV ratio had the highest mortality (46.2 % at 30 days; n = 39). Kaplan-Meier curves depicted the significantly different prognosis among the four groups (p < 0.001. Figure).

Conclusions: The combination of RVGLS and RV/LV ratio can help further risk stratify patients with submassive PE. This may identify patients at highest risk of mortality and ultimately alter treatment pathways.

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