DOI: 10.1161/circ.148.suppl_1.11344 ISSN: 0009-7322

Abstract 11344: Targeted Deletion of Arrdc4 Mitigates Cardiac Injury in Insulin-Deficient Diabetes

Yoshinobu Nakayama, Jun Yoshioka
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Introduction: Diabetic cardiomyopathy is an important contributor to mortality in the diabetic population. However, the pathogenesis of diabetic cardiomyopathy is unclear.

Hypothesis: We recently reported that the interaction between glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1) and its adaptor protein Arrdc4 mediates metabolic stress in the ischemic heart. Here, we tested whether this mechanism plays a role in diabetic cardiomyopathy.

Methods: To determine glucose responsiveness, mouse neonatal cardiomyocytes were treated with high glucose (25 mM). To investigate cardiac phenotype in vivo, we engineered Arrdc4-knockout (KO) mice by CRISPR/Cas9 technology and created an insulin-deficient diabetic model by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin.

Results: Arrdc4 expression was robustly stimulated by D-glucose (324±10%, p<0.01) in cardiomyocytes. The glucose responsiveness was mediated by MondoA, a nutrient-sensing transcriptional factor, through a cytoplasmic-nuclear shuttling mechanism. Confocal live imaging showed that Arrdc4 triggered endocytic trafficking of GLUT1 into lysosomes. In the animal model, levels of insulin depletion were comparable between the genotypes. Nevertheless, Arrdc4-KO diabetic mice had enhanced glucose uptake in multiple organs including the heart (139±13%, p<0.01) compared to wild-type (WT) diabetic mice. Arrdc4-KO diabetic hearts had lower induction of oxidative stress, ER stress, and autophagy by hyperglycemia, leading to better mitochondrial function and less cardiomyocyte apoptosis (70±5%, p<0.01) than WT diabetic hearts. Although resting echocardiography could not detect early signs of left ventricular dysfunction, stress hemodynamic analysis uncovered the masked mechanical dysfunction by diabetes and found that Arrdc4-KO diabetic mice retained a greater cardiac response to beta-adrenergic stimulation than wild-type mice (149±5%, p<0.01).

Conclusion: The metabolic rearrangements by Arrdc4 deletion improve glucose transport due to the absence of its inhibition towards GLUT1 function, protecting the heart against diabetic damage. These results provide a novel link between GLUT1 and Arrdc4 as a fundamental mechanism of the regulation of glucose homeostasis in diabetic cardiomyopathy.

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