ABSENTEEISM IN MODERN LAW: CAUSES AND METHODS OF OVERCOMING ITTetiana Frantsuz-Yakovets
The article examines the causes and conditions of the phenomenon of absenteeism, as well as the problems and features that exist today in the field of suffrage. The political, social and psychological factors that influence the level of electoral activity are analyzed and considered. The phenomenon of parliamentary absenteeism through the prism of democracy and legitimacy of parliamentary activity is considered. The relationship between the political and legal culture of the population and the process of forming a clear civic position, civic activism and social responsibility has been studied. As practice shows, the conduct of election campaigns, the process of forming an electoral culture is complex and multifaceted. The formation of political and legal culture, civic activism and responsibility must begin at the level of secondary education. State and public institutions should play an active role in this process, which are designed not only to acquaint citizens with the election legislation, but also to explain its norms. An effective means of overcoming passivity and indifference today is to establish a public dialogue between citizens’ associations and state institutions. The use of transparent electoral technologies is also important. In general, to overcome absenteeism in modern domestic political practice, society and the state need politicians with national thinking and state-building strategy. The elected government must be open and accountable to the citizens who voted for it. Political elites must be responsible for the country’s political choices. In addition, in the age of information technology, the media are of great importance, which can also significantly affect the activity of citizens during elections, giving preference not only to advertising candidates, but also to election debates, comparative analysis of independent scientific institutions, objective and not engaged information coverage.