DOI: 10.3390/s23177370 ISSN:

A White Shark Equilibrium Optimizer with a Hybrid Deep-Learning-Based Cybersecurity Solution for a Smart City Environment

Latifah Almuqren, Sumayh S. Aljameel, Hamed Alqahtani, Saud S. Alotaibi, Manar Ahmed Hamza, Ahmed S. Salama
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Biochemistry
  • Instrumentation
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Analytical Chemistry

Smart grids (SGs) play a vital role in the smart city environment, which exploits digital technology, communication systems, and automation for effectively managing electricity generation, distribution, and consumption. SGs are a fundamental module of smart cities that purpose to leverage technology and data for enhancing the life quality for citizens and optimize resource consumption. The biggest challenge in dealing with SGs and smart cities is the potential for cyberattacks comprising Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks. DDoS attacks involve overwhelming a system with a huge volume of traffic, causing disruptions and potentially leading to service outages. Mitigating and detecting DDoS attacks in SGs is of great significance to ensuring their stability and reliability. Therefore, this study develops a new White Shark Equilibrium Optimizer with a Hybrid Deep-Learning-based Cybersecurity Solution (WSEO-HDLCS) technique for a Smart City Environment. The goal of the WSEO-HDLCS technique is to recognize the presence of DDoS attacks, in order to ensure cybersecurity. In the presented WSEO-HDLCS technique, the high-dimensionality data problem can be resolved by the use of WSEO-based feature selection (WSEO-FS) approach. In addition, the WSEO-HDLCS technique employs a stacked deep autoencoder (SDAE) model for DDoS attack detection. Moreover, the gravitational search algorithm (GSA) is utilized for the optimal selection of the hyperparameters related to the SDAE model. The simulation outcome of the WSEO-HDLCS system is validated on the CICIDS-2017 dataset. The widespread simulation values highlighted the promising outcome of the WSEO-HDLCS methodology over existing methods.

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