DOI: 10.3390/axioms13010019 ISSN: 2075-1680

A Two-Step Estimation Method for a Time-Varying INAR Model

Yuxin Pang, Dehui Wang, Mark Goh
  • Geometry and Topology
  • Logic
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Algebra and Number Theory
  • Analysis

This paper proposes a new time-varying integer-valued autoregressive (TV-INAR) model with a state vector following a logistic regression structure. Since the autoregressive coefficient in the model is time-dependent, the Kalman-smoothed method is applicable. Some statistical properties of the model are established. To estimate the parameters of the model, a two-step estimation method is proposed. In the first step, the Kalman-smoothed estimation method, which is suitable for handling time-dependent systems and nonstationary stochastic processes, is utilized to estimate the time-varying parameters. In the second step, conditional least squares is used to estimate the parameter in the error term. This proposed method allows estimating the parameters in the nonlinear model and deriving the analytical solutions. The performance of the estimation method is evaluated through simulation studies. The model is then validated using actual time series data.

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