DOI: 10.3390/batteries9120596 ISSN: 2313-0105

A Two-State-Based Hybrid Model for Degradation and Capacity Prediction of Lithium-Ion Batteries with Capacity Recovery

Yu Chen, Laifa Tao, Shangyu Li, Haifei Liu, Lizhi Wang
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Electrochemistry
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

The accurate prediction of Li-ion battery capacity is important because it ensures mission and personnel safety during operations. However, the phenomenon of capacity recovery (CR) may impede the progress of improving battery capacity prediction performance. Therefore, in this study, we focus on the phenomenon of capacity recovery during battery degradation and propose a hybrid lithium-ion battery capacity prediction framework based on two states. First, to improve the density of capacity-related information, the simultaneous Markov blanket discovery algorithm (STMB) is used to screen the causal features of capacity from the initial feature set. Then, the life-long cycle sequence of batteries is partitioned into global degradation regions and recovery regions, as part of the proposed prediction framework. The prediction branch for the global degradation region is implemented through a long short-term memory network (LSTM) and the other prediction branch for the recovery region is implemented through Gaussian process regression (GPR). A support vector machine (SVM) model is applied to identify recovery points to switch the branch of the prediction framework. The prediction results are integrated to obtain the final prediction results. Experimental studies based on NASA’s lithium battery aging data highlight the trustworthy capacity prediction ability of the proposed method considering the capacity recovery phenomenon. In contrast to the comparative methods, the mean absolute error and the root mean square error are reduced by up to 0.0013 Ah and 0.0043 Ah, which confirms the validity of the proposed method.

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