DOI: 10.3390/buildings13123004 ISSN: 2075-5309

A Timber–Concrete–Composite Edge Connection for Two-Way Spanning Cross-Laminated Timber Slabs—Experimental Investigations and Analytical Approach

Thomas Stieb, Roland Maderebner, Philipp Dietsch
  • Building and Construction
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture

This paper introduces a method to create a moment-resisting edge connection between two cross-laminated timber (CLT) panels. With this connection, two-way spanning cross-laminated timber slabs can be realised, where the span exceeds the manufacturing and transport-related width of the individual CLT panels. Until now, mostly on-site gluing solutions have been suggested for such connections. In this study, a solution using a timber–concrete–composite (TCC) system is proposed. For this, self-tapping screws are inserted along the edge face of the CLT component, enabling the formation of a lap splice between two adjacent CLT elements. This lap splice is reinforced by additional rebars and filled with concrete. This means that only familiar, easy-to-handle materials are used on-site, and there is no need for adhesives, which can be difficult to apply. To evaluate the load-bearing capacity of the connection, it was subjected to a pure bending load in four-point bending tests, where load-bearing capacities of up to 70% of the characteristic load-bearing capacity of the solid CLT elements were achieved. An analytical approach for a simplified engineering calculation model is introduced to determine the load acting upon the screws. Based on the experimental results, it is shown that the analytical approach is able to adequately represent the load-bearing capacity of the connection. The analytically determined forces on the screws may then be used to carry out further verifications on this connection method.

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