DOI: 10.3390/app14010381 ISSN: 2076-3417

A Thermal Error Prediction Method of High-Speed Motorized Spindle Based on Pelican Optimization Algorithm and CNN-LSTM

Ying Gao, Xiaojun Xia, Yinrui Guo
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • General Engineering
  • Instrumentation
  • General Materials Science

Given motorized spindles’ extensive periods of prolonged high-velocity operation, they are prone to temperature changes, which leads to the problem of thermal error, leading to diminished precision in machining operations. To address the thermal error issue in motorized spindles of computer numerical control (CNC) machine tools, this study proposes a pelican optimization algorithm (POA)-optimized convolutional neural network (CNN)–long short-term memory (LSTM) hybrid neural network model (POA-CNN-LSTMNN). Initially, the identification of temperature-sensitive locations in the spindle system is performed using a combination of hierarchical clustering, the K-medoids algorithm, and Pearson’s coefficient calculation. Subsequently, the temperature data from these identified points, along with real-time collected spindle thermal error data, are employed to construct the model. The Pelican optimization algorithm is used to enhance the model parameters to achieve the best performance. Finally, the proposed model is subjected to a comparative analysis with other thermal error prediction models. Drawing from the experimental findings, it is evident that the POA-CNN-LSTMNN model exhibits superior prediction performance.

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