Jijian Lian, Huan Zhou, Xiaofeng Dong

A Theoretical Methodology and Measurement of Dynamic Characteristics of Wind Turbines with Composite Bucket Foundations

  • Ocean Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Civil and Structural Engineering

A composite bucket foundation (CBF) is a new type of supporting structure in offshore wind engineering. Its huge transition part is the key difference compared to other offshore foundations. Firstly, the vibration measurement system of a wind turbine with the CBF is introduced. A finite element method (FEM) was developed, and the rigid deformation performance of the transition part was characterized. Then, to clarify the influence of the transition part brings to wind turbines with CBFs, a three-DOF theoretical model was established by simplifying the transition part as a rigid body. Horizontal and rotational foundation stiffness were considered to present the constraint effect below the mudline. Sensitivity studies were conducted on the parameters (including mass, moment of inertia and mass center height) of the transition part. Further, the vibration properties of the CBF structures under different operation load conditions were compared through the theoretical model and the in situ data. The results show that the relative errors between the theoretical model and FEM model are 3.78% to 5.03%, satisfying the accuracy requirements. The parameters of the transition part have varying degrees of influence on the natural frequency, foundation stiffness and vibration response of the wind turbines with CBFs. Compared to wind and 1P loads, the 3P load has a greater influence if the 3P frequency is close to the natural frequency of the wind turbine.

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