DOI: 10.1177/00207152231219930 ISSN: 0020-7152

A systematic review of empirical literature on the segregation of educational institutions and its consequences in Finland

Katri Kleemola, Heidi Hyytinen, Tarja Tuononen, Auli Toom
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science

While Finland has been considered a model for educational equity, the last decade has brought up concerns about educational segregation. This systematic literature review captures an overview of research on factors contributing to educational segregation and its consequences in Finland. A literature search of studies investigating various aspects of segregation in Finland and published both in English and Finnish was conducted, and altogether 40 scientific articles were analyzed. The findings show that segregation in Finland is regional or associated with the transitions that allow major choices. Neighborhood segregation, emphasized classes, transition to upper secondary education, and transition to higher education were identified as sources of segregation. Evidence on the consequences of the segregation in Finland is still scarce. Further research exploring the reasons, intertwining, and consequences of these phenomena as well as preventing them would be necessary.

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