DOI: 10.3390/futuretransp3040076 ISSN: 2673-7590

A Systematic Literature Review on Health Benefits, Incentives, and Applications to Promote Walking in Urban Areas

Christos Karolemeas, Lambros Mitropoulos, Katerina Koliou, Dionysios Tzamakos, Eirini Stavropoulou, Evi Moschou, Konstantinos Kepaptsoglou
  • General Medicine

The transportation sector contributes significantly to global warming, as well as to urban fabric problems such as traffic congestion, traffic accidents, noise pollution, and air pollution. A shift from fossil fuels to renewable sources and from motorized to non-motorized modes is now considered essential to create sustainable communities. Walking is a sustainable transport mode and several studies have focused on factors affecting it, including travel behavior and sociodemographics. In this study, we conduct a systematic literature review to identify and record walking benefits, the financial incentives that encourage travelers to walk, and applications that support it. Financial incentives are found to have short-term effects, and their success depends on the level and structure of the incentives as well as the characteristics of the participants. In addition, non-financial incentives, such as improving infrastructure and pedestrian safety, or providing information and education about the benefits of walking, may also promote it as a main mode of transport.

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