DOI: 10.3390/machines11090850 ISSN:

A Study on Magnetization Yoke Design for Post-Assembly Magnetization Performance Improvement of a Spoke-Type Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor

Min-Jae Jeong, Kang-Been Lee, Si-Woo Song, Seung-Heon Lee, Won-Ho Kim
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Control and Optimization
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Control and Systems Engineering

Permanent magnet synchronous motors (PMSMs) are highly affected by magnetization, which determines the magnetization level in the permanent magnet (PM). There are three main magnetization methods: single-unit, stator coil, and post-assembly magnetization. Post-assembly magnetization is widely used in PMSM mass production due to its ability to achieve high magnetization performance using a separate magnetizing yoke. However, spoke-type PMSMs with ferrite PMs face challenges when using the post-assembly method. The structural configuration of two magnets located radially hampers effective magnetized field transmission to the rotor’s interior due to the narrow space between the magnets. Maximizing the magnetization rate becomes crucial, but the limited space in the spoke-type structure complicates this. This paper addresses the issue and analyzes factors influencing post-assembly magnetization characteristics. A novel yoke structure is proposed, reducing the distance between the coil and magnet, leading to more efficient magnetization. The parametric and performance comparative analysis shows an impressive 17.1%p increase in magnetization rate with the proposed yoke structure compared to the existing yoke. This outcome contributed to a solution for enhancing the magnetization performance of spoke-type ferrite PMSMs.

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