DOI: 10.3390/metabo13080963 ISSN:

A Solid-Phase Microextraction—Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry Method for Analyzing Serum Lipids in Psoriatic Disease

John Koussiouris, Nikita Looby, Vathany Kulasingam, Vinod Chandran
  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Approximately 25% of psoriasis patients have an inflammatory arthritis termed psoriatic arthritis (PsA). There is strong interest in identifying and validating biomarkers that can accurately and reliably predict conversion from psoriasis to PsA using novel technologies such as metabolomics. Lipids, in particular, are of key interest in psoriatic disease. We sought to develop a liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) method to be used in conjunction with solid-phase microextraction (SPME) for analyzing fatty acids and similar molecules. A total of 25 chromatographic methods based on published lipid studies were tested on two LC columns. As a proof of concept, serum samples from psoriatic disease patients (n = 27 psoriasis and n = 26 PsA) were processed using SPME and run on the selected LC-MS method. The method that was best for analyzing fatty acids and fatty acid-like molecules was optimized and applied to serum samples. A total of 18 tentatively annotated features classified as fatty acids and other lipid compounds were statistically significant between psoriasis and PsA groups using both multivariate and univariate approaches. The SPME-LC-MS method developed and optimized was capable of detecting fatty acids and similar lipids that may aid in differentiating psoriasis and PsA patients.

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