DOI: 10.7717/peerj.16667 ISSN: 2167-8359

A SNP variation in the Sucrose synthase (SoSUS) gene associated with sugar-related traits in sugarcane

Supaporn Khanbo, Suthasinee Somyong, Phakamas Phetchawang, Warodom Wirojsirasak, Kittipat Ukoskit, Peeraya Klomsa-ard, Wirulda Pootakham, Sithichoke Tangphatsornruang
  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Medicine
  • General Neuroscience


Sugarcane (Saccharum spp.) is an economically significant crop for both the sugar and biofuel industries. Breeding sugarcane cultivars with high-performance agronomic traits is the most effective approach for meeting the rising demand for sugar and biofuels. Molecular markers associated with relevant agronomic traits could drastically reduce the time and resources required to develop new sugarcane varieties. Previous sugarcane candidate gene association analyses have found single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers associated with sugar-related traits. This study aims to validate these associated SNP markers of six genes, including Lesion simulating disease 1 (LSD), Calreticulin (CALR), Sucrose synthase 1 (SUS1), DEAD-box ATP-dependent RNA helicase (RH), KANADI1 (KAN1), and Sodium/hydrogen exchanger 7 (NHX7), in a diverse population in 2-year and two-location evaluations.


After genotyping of seven targeted SNP markers was performed by PCR Allelic Competitive Extension (PACE) SNP genotyping, the association with sugar-related traits and important cane yield component traits was determined on a set of 159 sugarcane genotypes. The marker-trait relationships were validated and identified by both t-test analysis and an association analysis based on the general linear model.


The mSoSUS1_SNPCh10.T/C and mSoKAN1_SNPCh7.T/C markers that were designed from the SUS1 and KAN1 genes, respectively, showed significant associations with different amounts of sugar-related traits and yield components. The mSoSUS1_SNPCh10.T/C marker was found to have more significant association with sugar-related traits, including pol, CCS, brix, fiber and sugar yield, with p values of 6.08 × 10−6 to 4.35 × 10−2, as well as some cane yield component traits with p values of 1.61 × 10−4 to 3.35 × 10−2. The significant association is consistent across four environments.


Sucrose synthase (SUS) is considered a crucial enzyme involved in sucrose metabolism. This marker is a high potential functional marker that may be used in sugarcane breeding programs to select superior sugarcane with good fiber and high sugar contents.

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