DOI: 10.1177/10668969241226711 ISSN: 1066-8969

A Single-Center Retrospective Analysis of Kaposi's Sarcoma: Is There a Relationship Between Emmprin/CD147 Expression and Biological Behavior?

Zarifa Yusifli, Rashad Ismayilov, Kemal Kosemehmetoglu, Gokhan Gedikoglu
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Surgery
  • Anatomy

Objectives. Emmprin (CD147/BSG) protein is estimated to play a key role in cell migration and chemoresistance in viral carcinogenesis. However, there are very limited studies investigating the CD147 in the oncogenesis of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus. This study aims to reveal the relationship between CD147 expression with histopathological parameters, disease pattern, and recurrence in Kaposi's sarcoma (KS). Methods. The study included 67 patients diagnosed with KS between January 1982 and September 2023. Clinical and histopathological features were analyzed retrospectively. HHV-8, CD31, and CD147 expressions were evaluated by immunohistochemistry. Results. Sixteen (24%) female and 51 (76%) male patients with median age of 64 (10-86) were included in the study. CD147 was positive in 57 (85%) cases and associated with nodular pattern ( P = .001), presence of solid/fibrosarcomatous area ( P = .005), and high mitotic activity ( P = .035). The disease relapsed in 17 (27%) of the 63 patients with median 2 (0-12) years follow-up. While a 5-year relapse-free survival was 48.5% in the CD147 diffuse positive group, it was 83.4% in focal positive and 100% in negative cases ( P = .029). Conclusion. Our study exhibited the relationship between CD147 overexpression and recurrence in KS, but the inhomogeneity of the treatment groups and the small number of patients should also be considered. These findings may provide insight into the pathogenesis of KS and the development of targeted therapies in the future.

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