DOI: 10.3390/mi14081639 ISSN:

A Self-Powered DSSH Circuit with MOSFET Threshold Voltage Management for Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting

Liao Wu, Xinhui Wang, Minghua Xie
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Control and Systems Engineering

This paper presents a piezoelectric (PE) energy harvesting circuit based on the DSSH (double synchronized switch harvesting) principle. The circuit consisted of a rectifier and a DC–DC circuit, which achieves double synchronized switch operation for the PE transducer in each vibration half-cycle. One of the main challenges of the DSSH scheme was precisely controlling the switch timing in the second loop of the resonant loops. The proposed circuit included a MOS transistor in the second loop to address this challenge. It utilized its threshold voltage to manage the stored energy in the intermediate capacitor per vibration half-cycle to simplify the controller for the DSSH circuit. The circuit can operate under either the DSSH scheme or the ESSH (enhanced synchronized switch harvesting) scheme, depending on the value of the intermediate capacitor. In the DSSH scheme, the following DC–DC circuit reused the rectifier’s two diodes for a short period. The prototype circuit was implemented using 16 discrete components. The proposed circuit can be self-powered and started up without a battery. The experimental results showed that the proposed circuit increased the power harvested from the PE transducer compared to the full-bridge (FB) rectifier. With two different intermediate capacitors of 100 nF and 320 nF, the proposed circuit achieved power increases of 3.2 and 2.7 times, respectively. The charging efficiency of the proposed circuit was improved by a factor of 5.1 compared to the typical DSSH circuit.

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