DOI: 10.3390/catal13121482 ISSN: 2073-4344

A Review on the Use of Catalysis for Biogas Steam Reforming

Sergio Nogales-Delgado, Carmen María Álvez-Medina, Vicente Montes, Juan Félix González
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Catalysis
  • General Environmental Science

Hydrogen production from natural gas or biogas, at different purity levels, has emerged as an important technology with continuous development and improvement in order to stand for sustainable and clean energy. Regarding biogas, which can be obtained from multiple sources, hydrogen production through the steam reforming of methane is one of the most important methods for its energy use. In that sense, the role of catalysts to make the process more efficient is crucial, normally contributing to a higher hydrogen yield under milder reaction conditions in the final product. The aim of this review is to cover the main points related to these catalysts, as every aspect counts and has an influence on the use of these catalysts during this specific process (from the feedstocks used for biogas production or the biodigestion process to the purification of the hydrogen produced). Thus, a thorough review of hydrogen production through biogas steam reforming was carried out, with a special emphasis on the influence of different variables on its catalytic performance. Also, the most common catalysts used in this process, as well as the main deactivation mechanisms and their possible solutions are included, supported by the most recent studies about these subjects.

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