DOI: 10.1002/wat2.1712 ISSN: 2049-1948

A review of atmospheric water vapor lidar calibration methods

Xinqian Guo, Decheng Wu, Zhenzhu Wang, Bangxin Wang, Cheng Li, Qian Deng, Dong Liu
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Oceanography


Atmospheric water vapor is a crucial factor in the Earth's water cycle. As an important greenhouse gas, changes in the spatio‐temporal distribution of atmospheric water vapor can contribute to the occurrence of various extreme weather phenomena. Lidar, with its high spatial and temporal resolutions, has great potential for applications in water vapor profile detection. Raman lidar and differential absorption lidar (DIAL) have been successfully used to detect atmospheric water vapor. System calibration is crucial to ensure that the measured profile accurately represents the concentration profile of atmospheric water vapor. Choosing an effective system calibration method can ensure the accuracy of long‐term lidar measurements. This paper reviews the latest progress and applications of atmospheric water vapor lidar calibration in recent years. The basic principles of Raman lidar and DIAL calibration are introduced. Various methods and benefits of system calibration are discussed. Raman lidar has three commonly used calibration methods: external calibration, internal calibration, and hybrid calibration methods. The most commonly used method is external calibration based on radiosondes. DIAL is usually implemented with an advantageous self‐calibration method. Finally, potential development directions for atmospheric water vapor lidar and calibration technology are discussed.

This article is categorized under:

Science of Water > Methods

Engineering Water > Methods

Human Water > Value of Water

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