DOI: 10.1145/3650031 ISSN: 1550-4859

A Resource Allocation Scheme for Edge Computing Network in Smart City Based on Attention Mechanism

Zhengjie Sun, Hui Yang, Chao Li, Qiuyan Yao, Yun Teng, Jie Zhang, Sheng Liu, Yunbo Li, Athanasios V. Vasilakos
  • Computer Networks and Communications

In recent years, the number of devices and terminals connected to the smart city has increased significantly. Edge networks face a greater variety of connected objects and massive services. Considering that a large number of services have different QoS requirements, it has always been a huge challenge for smart city to optimally allocate limited computing resources to all services to obtain satisfactory performance. In particular, delay is intolerable for services in certain applications, such as medical, industrial applications, etc, that such applications require the high priority. Therefore, through flexibly dynamic scheduling, it is crucial to schedule services to the optimal node to ensure user experience. In this paper, we propose a resource allocation scheme for hierarchical edge computing network in smart city based on attention mechanism, for extracting a small number of features that can represent services from a large amount of information collected from edge nodes. The attention mechanism is used to quickly determine the priority of the services. Based on this, task deployment and resource allocation for different task priorities are developed to ensure the quality of service in smart cities by introducing Q-learning. Simulation results show that the proposed scheme can effectively improve the edge network resource utilization, reduce the average delay of task processing, and effectively guarantee the quality of service.

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