Saurabh K Gupta, Anand Krishnasamy

A relative comparison of HCCI, PCCI, and RCCI combustion strategies: an alternative fuels perspective

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Automotive Engineering

Low temperature combustion (LTC) strategies have the potential for simultaneous reduction in oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and soot emissions while achieving higher thermal efficiency. Commercial widespread implementation of LTC strategies demands addressing several challenges, including narrow operating load range, lack of ignition timing control, and reducing high unburned hydrocarbon (HC) and carbon monoxide (CO) emissions. These challenges could be because the conventional engine design and fuels cannot adapt well to LTC modes. Thus, replacing conventional diesel fuel with suitable alternative fuels for LTC strategies is essential. In the present work, three LTC strategies, Homogenous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI), Premixed Charge Compression Ignition (PCCI), and Reactivity Controlled Compression Ignition (RCCI), are compared with conventional diesel combustion in a production, light-duty diesel engine from an alternative fuel perspective to come up with a befitting strategy and fuel to achieve wider operating range and lower emissions. The fuel selection strategy based on the fundamental fuel property requirements of the three LTC strategies has been discussed in detail. The baseline reference data is fixed by comparing three LTC strategies with conventional diesel combustion using diesel and gasoline as reference fuel at 40% load, the maximum common achievable load among the three LTC strategies. This is followed by an investigation of the effect of alternative fuels across three LTC strategies to address the shortcomings of the LTC strategies. The results show that the engine operating load range could be extended, and HC and CO emissions are reduced significantly with alternative fuels in the three LTC strategies.

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