DOI: 10.3390/app14041369 ISSN: 2076-3417

A Realistic Hand Image Composition Method for Palmprint ROI Embedding Attack

Licheng Yan, Lu Leng, Andrew Beng Jin Teoh, Cheonshik Kim
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • General Engineering
  • Instrumentation
  • General Materials Science

Palmprint recognition (PPR) has recently garnered attention due to its robustness and accuracy. Many PPR methods rely on preprocessing the region of interest (ROI). However, the emergence of ROI attacks capable of generating synthetic ROI images poses a significant threat to PPR systems. Despite this, ROI attacks are less practical since PPR systems typically take hand images as input rather than just the ROI. Therefore, there is a pressing need for a method that specifically targets the system by composing hand images. The intuitive approach involves embedding an ROI into a hand image, a comparatively simpler process requiring less data than generating entirely synthetic images. However, embedding faces challenges, as the composited hand image must maintain a consistent color and texture. To overcome these challenges, we propose a training-free, end-to-end hand image composition method incorporating ROI harmonization and palm blending. The ROI harmonization process iteratively adjusts the ROI to seamlessly integrate with the hand using a modified style transfer method. Simultaneously, palm blending employs a pretrained inpainting model to composite a hand image with a continuous transition. Our results demonstrate that the proposed method achieves a high attack performance on the IITD and Tongji datasets, with the composited hand images exhibiting realistic visual quality.

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