DOI: 10.3390/s24010232 ISSN: 1424-8220

A Real-Time Automated Defect Detection System for Ceramic Pieces Manufacturing Process Based on Computer Vision with Deep Learning

Esteban Cumbajin, Nuno Rodrigues, Paulo Costa, Rolando Miragaia, Luís Frazão, Nuno Costa, Antonio Fernández-Caballero, Jorge Carneiro, Leire H. Buruberri, António Pereira
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Biochemistry
  • Instrumentation
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Analytical Chemistry

Defect detection is a key element of quality control in today’s industries, and the process requires the incorporation of automated methods, including image sensors, to detect any potential defects that may occur during the manufacturing process. While there are various methods that can be used for inspecting surfaces, such as those of metal and building materials, there are only a limited number of techniques that are specifically designed to analyze specialized surfaces, such as ceramics, which can potentially reveal distinctive anomalies or characteristics that require a more precise and focused approach. This article describes a study and proposes an extended solution for defect detection on ceramic pieces within an industrial environment, utilizing a computer vision system with deep learning models. The solution includes an image acquisition process and a labeling platform to create training datasets, as well as an image preprocessing technique, to feed a machine learning algorithm based on convolutional neural networks (CNNs) capable of running in real time within a manufacturing environment. The developed solution was implemented and evaluated at a leading Portuguese company that specializes in the manufacturing of tableware and fine stoneware. The collaboration between the research team and the company resulted in the development of an automated and effective system for detecting defects in ceramic pieces, achieving an accuracy of 98.00% and an F1-Score of 97.29%.

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