DOI: 10.25259/jccc_58_2023 ISSN: 2456-9224

A Rare Case of Symmetrical Peripheral Gangrene in Central Venoarterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenator in a Pediatric Patient, an Unusual Complication of Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation

Meera Rajeev, Manoj Sahu
  • General Medicine

Symmetrical peripheral gangrene is an unusual complication of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) which can arise due to low cardiac output state, high inotropic support, inadequate anticoagulation, disseminated intravascular coagulation, and sepsis. In symmetrical peripheral gangrene, there is no evidence of large vessel occlusion or vasculitis. It can be due to the absence of pulsatile flow in the peripheral arteries that result in stasis and microthrombi formation which causes occlusion of small arterioles. A 10-month-old male child who underwent anomalous left coronary artery from pulmonary artery repair and required central venoarterial ECMO support post-surgery due to severe myocardial dysfunction developed symmetrical peripheral ischemia with gangrenous changes in the right-hand fingers while on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). The limb ischemic changes improved to normal after the child convalesced from heart failure. We describe these changes and the management here.

More from our Archive