DOI: 10.1177/15385744231196627 ISSN:

A Rare Case of Focal Renal Fibromuscular Dysplasia Treated With Angioplasty: A Case Report

Abdulqader Al-Falahi, Ghamdan Al-Aghbari, Maher Al-Muriesh
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • General Medicine
  • Surgery


Fibromuscular dysplasia is an idiopathic, segmental, nonatherosclerotic, noninflammatory vascular disease that can lead to arterial stenosis, tortuosity, occlusion, aneurysms, and dissection. Fibromuscular dysplasia is a rare cause of hypertension that can easily be missed. To date, there has been no definitive treatment for fibromuscular dysplasia.

Case report

In this report, we present an uncommon case of renovascular hypertension in a 21-year-old non-white female with a 3-year history of hypertension secondary to fibromuscular dysplasia involving bilateral renal arteries. Computed tomography angiography during the arterial phase revealed distal focal narrowing of the right main renal artery, distal focal narrowing of the left main renal artery, and proximal focal narrowing of the left accessory lower renal artery. Percutaneous balloon dilatation of the stenotic lesion was performed successfully up to 1 year After the procedure, the arterial blood pressure was within the normal range (110/70 to 125/75 mmHg) without medication. After 1 year of follow-up, CTA revealed re-stenosis in left main renal artery without clinical symptoms and normal blood pressure. Repeated procedure was done successfully.


This case report highlights the difficulty in the diagnosis and treatment of focal fibromuscular dysplasia in young non-white female patients. Computerized tomographic angiography is a useful tool for identifying the cause and showing the benefit of percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty treatment for this rare entity, as an early percutaneous angioplasty intervention may have a clinical cure for hypertension.

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