DOI: 10.3390/jcm12175476 ISSN:

A Quantitative Measure of Pain with Current Perception Threshold, Pain Equivalent Current, and Quantified Pain Degree: A Retrospective Study

So Yeon Lee, Joong Baek Kim, Jung Woong Lee, A Mi Woo, Chang Jae Kim, Mee Young Chung, Ho Sik Moon
  • General Medicine

Background: As a subjective sensation, pain is difficult to evaluate objectively. The assessment of pain degree is largely dependent on subjective methods such as the numeric rating scale (NRS). The PainVisionTM system has recently been introduced as an objective pain degree measurement tool. The purpose of this study was to analyze correlations between the NRS and the current perception threshold (CPT), pain equivalent current (PEC), and quantified pain degree (QPD). Methods: Medical records of 398 subjects who visited the pain clinic in a university hospital from March 2017 to February 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. To evaluate the pain degree, NRS, CPT, PEC, and QPD were measured. Subjects were categorized into two groups: the Pain group (n = 355) and the No-pain group (n = 43). Results: The NRS showed a negative correlation with CPT (R = −0.10, p = 0.054) and a positive correlation with QPD (R = 0.13, p = 0.008). Among various diseases, only spinal disease patients showed a negative correlation between CPT and NRS (R = −0.22, p = 0.003). Additionally, there were significant differences in CPT and QPD between the Pain and No-pain groups (p = 0.005 and p = 0.002, respectively). Conclusions: CPT and QPD measured using the PainVisionTM system could be used to estimate pain intensity and the presence of pain. These parameters would be considered useful for predicting pain itself and its intensity.

More from our Archive