DOI: 10.1002/jssc.202300760 ISSN: 1615-9306

A quality‐by‐design evaluated liquid chromatography method development and validation for the separation and quantification of nitroxoline and its impurities

Santhi Priya Lankalapalli, K. Vijaya Rachel, Vaishnavi Chintala, Leela Prasad Kowtharapu, Naresh Kumar Katari
  • Filtration and Separation
  • Analytical Chemistry

A novel, isocratic, sensitive, stability‐indicating high‐performance liquid chromatography method was developed for the separation and quantification of related substances in nitroxoline (NTL). The chromatographic separation has been achieved on Inertsil ODS‐3 V, (250 × 4.6 mm, 5 μm) at 240 nm using ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid buffer and methanol in the ratio of 60:40 v/v as mobile phase. The performance of the method has been checked as per the International Conference on Harmonization guidelines for specificity, linearity, accuracy, precision, and robustness. Regression analysis showed a correlation coefficient value greater than 0.99 for NTL and its three impurities. The detection limit of impurities was in the range of 0.01% (0.05 μg/mL)–0.22% (1.1 μg/mL) indicating the sensitivity of the newly developed method. The accuracy of the method was established based on the recovery obtained between 94.7% and 104.1% for all the impurities. The percentage relative standard deviation obtained for the repeatability was less than 4.0% at the specification level for all impurities. Forced degradation was performed to establish the stability‐indicating nature of the method and to know about the degradation products, the quality of a drug substance changes with time under the influence of stress conditions. Thus, the proposed method was validated and found to be specific, sensitive, linear, accurate, precise, reproducible, and beneficial for routine usage.

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