DOI: 10.4103/jcas.jcas_55_23 ISSN: 0974-2077

A prospective comparative study of efficacy and safety of 15% trichloroacetic acid peel, 35% glycolic acid peel and Q-switched Nd-YAG laser in patients of macular amyloidosis

Aditi Vaghasia, Shruti Kamat, Kajal Kansara, J Dharmender, Bela J Shah
  • Dermatology
  • Surgery



The unappealing appearance of skin in macular amyloidosis (MA) interferes with the patient’s quality of life, and treating the condition has been challenging.

Aims and Objectives:

To compare the efficacy and safety of 15% trichloroacetic acid (TCA) peel, 35% glycolic acid (GA) peel, and Q-switched Nd-YAG Laser in MA.

Materials and Methods:

Open, prospective study was conducted over 2 years, where after fulfilling the criteria, randomization was done into three groups. Group A: 15% TCA peel; Group B: 35% GA peel; Group C: Q-switched Nd-YAG Laser. Procedures were repeated at monthly intervals for six sittings. On each visit, patients were scored on the following parameters: color score, visual analog score (VAS), physician global assessment (PGA) scale, subjective improvement, and adverse effects.


A total of 75 patients (25 patients in each group) completed the treatment. The mean age of study-population was 35.68 ± 9.8 years, with female to male ratio of 11.5:1. The mean change in color score (1.68) was more by Group A, followed by Group C (1.4), followed by Group B (1.16). Similar results were noted by subjective improvement, VAS, and PGA. Adverse events were more in Group A, followed by Group C, followed by Group B. No patient showed permanent adverse events.


TCA-peel showed superior results over Nd-YAG laser and glycolic-acid peel. TCA-peel being cost-effective with excellent acceptability should be considered a treatment modality.

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