DOI: 10.3390/foods12244435 ISSN: 2304-8158

A Novel Variable Selection Method Based on Ordered Predictors Selection and Successive Projections Algorithm for Predicting Gastrodin Content in Fresh Gastrodia elata Using Fourier Transform Near-Infrared Spectroscopy and Chemometrics

Zhenjie Wang, Changzhou Zuo, Min Chen, Jin Song, Kang Tu, Weijie Lan, Chunyang Li, Leiqing Pan
  • Plant Science
  • Health Professions (miscellaneous)
  • Health (social science)
  • Microbiology
  • Food Science

Gastrodin is one of the most important biologically active components of Gastrodia elata, which has many health benefits as a dietary and health food supplement. However, gastrodin measurement traditionally relies on laboratory and sophisticated instruments. This research was aimed at developing a rapid and non-destructive method based on Fourier transform near infrared (FT-NIR) to predict gastrodin content in fresh Gastrodia elata. Auto-ordered predictors selection (autoOPS) and successive projections algorithm (SPA) were applied to select the most informative variables related to gastrodin content. Based on that, partial least squares regression (PLSR) and multiple linear regression (MLR) models were compared. The autoOPS-SPA-MLR model showed the best prediction performances, with the determination coefficient of prediction (Rp2), ratio performance deviation (RPD) and range error ratio (RER) values of 0.9712, 5.83 and 27.65, respectively. Consequently, these results indicated that FT-NIRS technique combined with chemometrics could be an efficient tool to rapidly quantify gastrodin in Gastrodia elata and thus facilitate quality control of Gastrodia elata.

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