Yong-lin Wu, An-qi Zhu, Xiaoting Zhou, Kewei Zhang, Xujiang Yuan, Min Yuan, Jian He, Miguel Pineda, Kun-Ping Li

A novel ultrafiltrate extract of propolis exerts anti‐inflammatory activity through metabolic rewiring

  • Molecular Biology
  • Molecular Medicine
  • General Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • General Medicine
  • Bioengineering

Thousands of years ago humans started to use propolis because of its medicinal properties, and modern science has successfully identified several bioactive molecules within this resinous bee product. However, a natural propolis extract which has been removed the adhesive glue and preserved propolis bioactive compounds is urgently needed to maximise the therapeutic opportunities. In this study, a novel ultrafiltrate fraction from Brazilian green propolis, termed P30K, was demonstrated with anti‐inflammatory properties, both in vitro and in vivo. Total flavonoids and total phenolic acids content in P30K were 244.6 mg/g and 275.8 mg/g respectively, while the IC50 value of inhibition of cyclooxygenase‐2 (COX‐2) was 8.30 µg/mL. The anti‐inflammatory activity of P30K was furtherly corroborated in experimental models of lipopolysaccharides (LPS)‐induced acute liver and lung injury. Mechanistically, integrated GC‐MS and LC‐MS based serum metabolomics analysis revealed that P30K modulated citrate cycle (TCA), pyruvate, glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism pathways to inhibit secretion of pro‐inflammatory cytokines. Results of network pharmacology and molecular docking suggested that P30K targeted catechol‐O‐methyltransferases (COMT), 11β‐hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases (HSD11B1), and monoamine oxidases (MAOA and MAOB) to promote cellular metabolomic rewiring. Collectively, our work reveals P30K as an efficient therapeutic agent against inflammatory conditions and its efficacy is related to metabolic rewiring.

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