DOI: 10.1142/s021945542471007x ISSN: 0219-4554

A Novel Straight Beam Element for Lateral-Distortional Deformation Analysis of Frames and Curved Beams Made of Monosymmetric I-Sections

Y. Z. Liu, Y. B. Yang, X. H. Liu, D. Z. Guo, H. Xu
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Civil and Structural Engineering

Conventional beam elements ignoring distortion may overestimate the lateral resistance of frames and curved beams made of monosymmetric I-sections. This paper introduces two new distortional modes represented by mechanical couples relative to twisting and shearing of the two flanges that are opposite in directions but unequal in magnitudes. A straight beam element with nine degrees of freedom (DOFs) per node, including the conventional three translations, three rotations, warping and the new two distortions, is newly derived. This allows all the DOFs of the connected elements at a common joint to be easily transformed to the global coordinates for stiffness assembly. As a result, the warping–distortion compatibility problem that occurs in frames and curved beams is resolved. In the numerical examples, the results produced by the present beam element is demonstrated to agree excellently with the shell-element solutions for the lateral-distortional deformation of the angled frame and curved beam. It is observed that the cross-sectional distortion effect becomes extremely significant for angled frames of short unbraced length and for curved beams of high curvature.

More from our Archive