DOI: 10.3390/electronics13010019 ISSN: 2079-9292

A Novel Scheduling Algorithm for Improved Performance of Multi-Objective Safety-Critical WSN Using Spatial Self-Organizing Feature Map

Issam Al-Nader, Aboubaker Lasebae, Rand Raheem
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Signal Processing
  • Control and Systems Engineering

Technological advances in the internet of things (IoT) allowed a low-cost, yet small sensor device to operate with limited power in a dynamic harsh environment where human intervention is impossible. The wireless sensor network (WSN) is an example of the IoT in which physical devices’ software and sensors can interconnect to provide application services. It is important that such applications be dependable to meet the required quality of service (QoS) and function as expected. Consequently, the multi-objective optimization (MOO) problem in WSNs aims to address the trade-off among coverage, connectivity, and network lifetime requirements. Node scheduling is one approach of many used to optimize energy in WSNs. The contribution of this work is the proposal of a self-organizing feature map (SOFM) to enhance the node scheduling in WSNs. The proposed SOFM node-scheduling algorithm aims to spatially explore the state space domain and obtain an optimal solution. In our experiment, the proposed SOFM node-scheduling algorithm is evaluated against a comparable algorithm, namely the BAT node-scheduling algorithm, via MATLAB simulator. The results showed that the SOFM node-scheduling algorithm outperformed the latter by 27% and 28% for the maximum and minimum coverage, respectively, with similar performance of 99% of connectivity and network lifetime.

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