DOI: 10.1002/cbdv.202300648 ISSN:

A Novel Polysaccharide Separated from Panax Notoginseng Residue Ameliorates Restraint Stress‐ and Lipopolysaccharide‐induced Enteritis in Mice

Bi Luo, Fan Yang, Peng Chen, Hao-Yu Zuo, Yun-Fei Liang, Ming-Hua Xian, Nan Tang, Guo-En Wang
  • Molecular Biology
  • Molecular Medicine
  • General Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • General Medicine
  • Bioengineering

Polysaccharides are rich in Panax notoginseng residue after extraction. This study aims to explore the structural characteristics of PNP‐20, which is a homogeneous polysaccharide, separated from P. notoginseng residue by fractional precipitation and evaluate the anti‐enteritis effect of PNP‐20. The structure of PNP‐20 was determined by spectroscopic analyses. A mouse model with enteritis induced by restraint stress (RS) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was used to evaluate the pharmacological effect of PNP‐20. The results indicated that PNP‐20 consisted of glucose (Glc), galactose (Gal), Mannose (Man) and Rhamnose (Rha). PNP‐20 was composed of Glcp‐(1→, →4)‐α‐Glcp‐(1→, →4)‐α‐Galp‐(1→, →4,6)‐α‐Glcp‐(1→, →4)‐Manp‐(1→ and →3)‐Rhap‐(1→, and contained two backbone fragments of →4)‐α‐Glcp‐(1→4)‐ α‐Glcp‐(1→ and →4)‐α‐Galp‐(1→4)‐α‐Glcp‐(1→. PNP‐20 reduced intestinal injury and inflammatory cell infiltration in RS‐ and LPS‐induced enteritis in mice. PNP‐20 decreased the expression of intestinal tumor necrosis factor‐α, NOD‐like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3, and nuclear factor‐κB and increased the expression of intestinal superoxide dismutase 2. In conclusion, PNP‐20 may be a promising material basis of P. Notoginseng for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease.

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