DOI: 10.3390/jcm12175502 ISSN:

A Novel Mutation of MSH2 Gene in a Patient with Lynch Syndrome Presenting with Thirteen Metachronous Malignancies

Ugne Silinskaite, Edita Gavelienė, Rokas Stulpinas, Ramunas Janavicius, Tomas Poskus
  • General Medicine

Lynch syndrome (LS), also known as hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC), accounts for 2–3% of all colorectal cancers. This autosomal dominant disorder is associated with a predisposition to endometrial, stomach, small bowel, pancreatic, biliary tract, ovary, urinary tract, brain, and skin tumors. Lynch syndrome is caused by the mutation of the MLH1, MSH2 (EPCAM), MSH6, and PMS2 genes. In this article, a case study of a 70-year-old female patient with Lynch syndrome is presented. Over a span of 30 years, the patient underwent multiple surgical procedures for a total of thirteen different malignancies. She was found to have a deleterious pathogenic gene MSH2 (NM_000251.2) variant (mutation) c.1774_1775insT in the 12th exon. This variant, c.1774_1775insT, represents a novel finding, as it has not been previously reported in existing databases or literature. No other case of 13 metachronous tumors in a patient with Lynch syndrome was found in the literature.

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