DOI: 10.3390/mi15010091 ISSN: 2072-666X

A Novel Micromixer That Exploits Electrokinetic Vortices Generated on a Janus Droplet Surface

Chengfa Wang, Yehui He
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Control and Systems Engineering

Micromixers play a crucial role as essential components in microfluidic analysis systems. This paper introduces a novel micromixer designed by harnessing electrokinetic vortices arising on the surface of a Janus droplet within a microchannel. The Janus droplet is characterized by different polarities of charges on its two sides (upstream part and downstream part). In the presence of a direct current electric field, the droplet’s surface generates electroosmotic flows in opposite directions, resulting in the formation of vortices and facilitating solution mixing. Results from numerical simulations suggest that a better mixing performance of the micromixer is associated with both a higher absolute value of the zeta potential ratio between the downstream and upstream surfaces of the Janus droplet and a larger downstream surface area. Additionally, this study reveals that microchannel dimensions significantly influence the performance of the micromixer. Smaller microchannel widths and heights correspond to a larger mixing index for the micromixer. The micromixer presented in this study features a simple structure, easy fabrication, and holds promising application potential.

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