A Novel Deep Learning Model for Drug-drug InteractionsAli K. Abdul Raheem, Ban N. Dhannoon
- Drug Discovery
- Molecular Medicine
- General Medicine
Drug-drug interactions (DDIs) can lead to adverse events and compromised treatment efficacy that emphasize the need for accurate prediction and understanding of these interactions
in this paper, we propose a novel approach for DDI prediction using two separate message-passing neural network (MPNN) models, each focused on one drug in a pair. By capturing the unique characteristics of each drug and their interactions, the proposed method aims to improve the accuracy of DDI prediction. The outputs of the individual MPNN models combine to integrate the information from both drugs and their molecular features. Evaluating the proposed method on a comprehensive dataset, we demonstrate its superior performance with an accuracy of 0.90, an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.99, and an F1-score of 0.80. These results highlight the effectiveness of the proposed approach in accurately identifying potential drugdrug interactions.
The use of two separate MPNN models offers a flexible framework for capturing drug characteristics and interactions, contributing to our understanding of DDIs. The findings of this study have significant implications for patient safety and personalized medicine, with the potential to optimize treatment outcomes by preventing adverse events.
Further research and validation on larger datasets and real-world scenarios are necessary to explore the generalizability and practicality of this approach.