Li Zheng, Hao Huang, Ruxiang Liu, Jianlin Man, Yusong Shi, Huiping Du, Li Du

A Novel Data‐Driven Approach to Lithium‐ion Battery Dynamic Charge State Capture for New Energy Electric Vehicles

  • Multidisciplinary
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Numerical Analysis
  • Statistics and Probability

AbstractAs lithium‐ion batteries are the main power source of new energy vehicles, making accurate predictions of unknown State of Charge (SOC) during vehicle operation for vehicle data monitoring is vital to the advancement of intelligent new energy vehicles. In this manuscript, an expression tree‐based genetic programming regression model (ETGPR) is proposed to estimate the real‐time SOC of lithium‐ion batteries. The proposed model mainly adopts the symbolic regression technique. In addition to the current–voltage curves being fed into the model, an additional approach is designed to ensure real‐time model predictions in dynamic situations, which includes the previous moment's power in the input parameters. Different seed hyperparameters in the model are set, and the model automatically performs evolutionary calculations. Subsequently, each parameter of the model is optimally adjusted to obtain a set of regression expressions that accurately reflect the relationship between the SOC and each parameter after a specified number of iterations. Finally, the generated expression is proven to perform better in terms of its ability to capture the nonlinear relationship between SOC and battery variables. Also, the model demonstrates excellent robustness in the presence of notable noise from input‐independent features compared to other models, a root mean square error (RMSE) of less than 0.3% and a mean absolute error (MAE) of less than 0.2% are achieved. Furthermore, the potential of the model's implement‐ability under variable temperature and real driving data conditions is verified.

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