DOI: 10.1002/mgg3.2350 ISSN: 2324-9269

A novel 11 base pair deletion in KMT2C resulting in Kleefstra syndrome 2

Whitney Whitford, Juliet Taylor, Ian Hayes, Warwick Smith, Russell G. Snell, Klaus Lehnert, Jessie C. Jacobsen
  • Genetics (clinical)
  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology



Haploinsufficiency of the Lysine Methyltransferase 2C (KMT2C) gene results in the autosomal dominant disorder, Kleefstra syndrome 2. It is an extremely rare neurodevelopmental condition, with 14 previous reports describing varied clinical manifestations including dysmorphic features, delayed psychomotor development and delayed growth.


Here, we describe a female with global developmental delay, attention deficit disorder, dyspraxia, short stature and subtle non‐specific dysmorphic features. To identify causative mutations, whole exome sequencing was performed on the proband and her younger brother with discrete clinical presentation.


Whole exome sequencing identified a novel de novo heterozygous 11 bp deletion in KMT2C (c.1759_1769del), resulting in a frameshift mutation and early termination of the protein (p.Gln587SerfsTer7). This variant is the second‐most N‐terminal reported mutation, located 4171 amino acids upstream of the critical enzymatically active SET domain (required for chromatin modification and histone methylation).


The majority of the other reported mutations are frameshift mutations upstream of the SET domain and are predicted to result in protein truncation. It is thought that truncation of the SET domain, results functionally in an inability to modify chromatin through histone methylation. This report expands the clinical and genetic characterisation of Kleefstra syndrome 2.

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