DOI: 10.3390/jmse11122373 ISSN: 2077-1312

A New Multi-Mechanism Synergistic Acoustic Structure for Underwater Low-Frequency and Broadband Sound Absorption

Kangkang Shi, Dongsheng Li, Dongsen Hu, Qi Shen, Guoyong Jin
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Civil and Structural Engineering

The acoustic absorption characteristics of anechoic coatings attached to the surface of underwater vehicles are closely related to their acoustic stealth. Owing to the essential property of local resonance, the narrow sound-absorption band cannot meet the underwater broadband sound absorption requirements. To this end, a multi-mechanism synergistic composite acoustic structure (MMSC−AS) was designed according to the integration of multiple acoustic dissipation mechanisms in this paper. Then, the acoustical calculation model for MMSC−AS was developed by using the graded finite element method (G-FEM), and the feasibility and the correctness of the established acoustical calculation model were verified. The underwater sound absorption behaviors of MMSC−AS were studied, and the optimization of the sound absorption characteristics of the MMSC−AS was also carried out. The results indicated that the calculation accuracy of the G-FEM was better than that of the FEM under the condition of the same mesh elements. Moreover, there were many sound wave regulation mechanisms in the MMSC−AS, and the synergy between the mechanisms enriched the mode of sound acoustic energy dissipation, which could widen the absorption band with effect. This study provides theoretical and technical basis for breaking through the challenge of low-frequency and broadband acoustic structure design of underwater vehicles.

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