DOI: 10.3390/electronics13010055 ISSN: 2079-9292

A Multifaceted Exploration of Atmospheric Turbulence and Its Impact on Optical Systems: Structure Constant Profiles and Astronomical Seeing

Pasha Bekhrad, Erich Leitgeb, Hristo Ivanov
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Signal Processing
  • Control and Systems Engineering

This study emphasizes the importance of conducting a comprehensive analysis considering the Cn2 atmospheric parameter for a reliable assessment of the seeing value. It highlights the use of the ECMWF ERA5 model to simulate pressure, temperature, and humidity profiles, enabling the evaluation of optical degradation. Accurate modeling and monitoring of temperature and humidity variables are emphasized for precise data in optical communication and astronomical observations. It also discusses the significance of optical turbulence models in understanding the impact of atmospheric turbulence on optical system performance. The validation of the selected Cn2 models is thoroughly analyzed. To evaluate the impact of the boundary layer on seeing conditions, three factors are considered. First, ERA5 data is used to simulate surface Cn2 values using the PAMELA model. Second, typical Cn2 values for specific dates in Redu are obtained. Finally, the thickness of the boundary layer, denoted as hbl, is calculated. This finding highlights the significant influence of the boundary layer on atmospheric seeing conditions and by incorporating Ibl into the models, a more accurate representation of the effects of the boundary layer on seeing quality is achieved.

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