DOI: 10.3390/pr11092539 ISSN:

A Method for Defining Sedimentary Characteristics and Distributions and Its Application in Qinnan Depression, Bohai Bay Basin

Zehua Zhang, Chunqiang Xu, Chenjie Wang, Hong Li, Wensen Zhu, Hongliang Wang, Kaixuan Liang, Yong Su
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Bioengineering

A new method incorporating geophysical analysis and geological analysis is proposed to define the sedimentary characteristics and distributions in basins with few drilling wells to promote the exploration of reservoirs. This method is applied to a study, through which its principles, closed-loop workflow and technologies are introduced in detail and the sedimentary characteristics and distributions of the study area are accurately defined. During the application process of the method, a compatible geological model is established, based on which the seismic data are interpreted and the results derived from the interpretation are further verified via seismic forward modeling. The study results exhibit a successive sand-rich deposition from the retrogradational gully-filling gravity flow deposition including near-shore fans, slope fans and basin-floor fans delimited by different slope break belts in transgressive sequences to the progradational delta deposition in a retrogressive sequence including braided river deltas with a long extension distance and fan deltas developed along a steep slope belt. And the potential reservoirs are located at the point-out sites of sand bodies with lower average P-wave velocities than those of muddy sediments. The proposition and application of this method are of great significance for oil and gas exploration.

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