Fei Huang, Yanming Li, Zixiang Liu, Liang Gong, Chengliang Liu

A Method for Calculating the Leaf Area of Pak Choi Based on an Improved Mask R-CNN

  • Plant Science
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Food Science

The leaf area of pak choi is a critical indicator of growth rate, nutrient absorption, and photosynthetic efficiency, and it is required to be precisely measured for an optimal agricultural output. Traditional methods often fail to deliver the necessary accuracy and efficiency. We propose a method for calculating the leaf area of pak choi based on an improved Mask R-CNN. We have enhanced Mask R-CNN by integrating an advanced attention mechanism and a two-layer fully convolutional network (FCN) into its segmentation branch. This integration significantly improves the model’s ability to detect and segment leaf edges with increased precision. By extracting the contours of reference objects, the conversion coefficient between the pixel area and the actual area is calculated. Using the mask segmentation output from the model, the area of each leaf is calculated. Experimental results demonstrate that the improved model achieves mean average precision (mAP) scores of 0.9136 and 0.9132 in detection and segmentation tasks, respectively, representing improvements of 1.01% and 1.02% over the original Mask R-CNN. The model demonstrates excellent recognition and segmentation capabilities for pak choi leaves. The error between the calculation result of the segmented leaf area and the actual measured area is less than 4.47%. These results indicate that the proposed method provides a reliable segmentation and prediction performance. It eliminates the need for detached leaf measurements, making it suitable for real-life leaf area measurement scenarios and providing valuable support for automated production technologies in plant factories.

Need a simple solution for managing your BibTeX entries? Explore CiteDrive!

  • Web-based, modern reference management
  • Collaborate and share with fellow researchers
  • Integration with Overleaf
  • Comprehensive BibTeX/BibLaTeX support
  • Save articles and websites directly from your browser
  • Search for new articles from a database of tens of millions of references
Try out CiteDrive

More from our Archive