DOI: 10.1111/febs.17034 ISSN: 1742-464X

A jack of all trades ‐ ADAM8 as a signaling hub in inflammation and cancer

Lena Cook, Federico Guillermo Gharzia, Jörg W. Bartsch, Daniela Yildiz
  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry

As a member of the family of A Disintegrin And Metalloproteinases (ADAM) ADAM8 is preferentially expressed in lymphatic organs, immune cells, and tumor cells. The substrate spectrum for ADAM8 proteolytic activity is not exclusive but is related to effectors of inflammation and signaling in the tumor microenvironment. In addition, complexes of ADAM8 with extracellular binding partners such as integrin β‐1 cause an extensive intracellular signaling in tumor cells, thereby activating kinase pathways with STAT3, ERK1/2 and Akt signaling which causes increased cell survival and enhanced motility. The cytoplasmic domain of ADAM8 harbors five SRC homology‐3 (SH3) domains that can potentially interact with several proteins involved in actin dynamics and cell motility, including Myosin 1F (MYO1F), which is essential for neutrophil motility. The concept of ADAM8 thus involves immune cell recruitment, in most cases leading to an enhancement of inflammatory (asthma, COPD) and tumor (including pancreatic and breast cancers) pathologies. In this review, we report on available studies that qualify ADAM8 as a therapeutic target in different pathologies. As a signaling hub, ADAM8 controls extracellular, intracellular, and intercellular communication, the latter one mainly mediated by release of extracellular vesicles with ADAM8 as cargo. Here, we will dissect the contribution of different domains to these distinct ways of communication in several pathologies. We conclude that therapeutic targeting attempts for ADAM8 should consider blocking more than a single domain, and that this requires a thorough evaluation of potent molecules targeting ADAM8 in an in vivo setting.

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