DOI: 10.3390/s23167199 ISSN:

A Hybrid Indoor Positioning System Based on Visible Light Communication and Bluetooth RSS Trilateration

Lamya Albraheem, Sarah Alawad
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Biochemistry
  • Instrumentation
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Analytical Chemistry

Indoor positioning has become an attractive research topic because of the drawbacks of the global navigation satellite system (GNSS), which cannot detect accurate locations within indoor areas. Radio-based positioning technologies are one major category of indoor positioning systems. Another major category consists of visible light communication-based solutions, as they have become a revolutionary technology for indoor positioning in recent years. The proposed study intends to make use of both technologies by creating a hybrid indoor positioning system that uses VLC and Bluetooth together. The system first collects the initial location information based on VLC proximity, then collects the strongest Bluetooth signals to determine the receiver’s location using Bluetooth RSS (received signal strength) trilateration. This has been inspired by the fact that there have not been any studies that make use of both technologies with the same positioning algorithm, which can lead to pretty high accuracy of up to 0.03 m.

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