DOI: 10.3390/photonics10080899 ISSN: 2304-6732

A High-Sensitivity Bimetallic Grating-Coupled Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensor Based on Two-Dimensional Materials

Hui Wang, Chenghao Tong, Xiaowan Guo, Zhiqi Li, Jian Shen, Chaoyang Li
  • Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Instrumentation
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Optical biosensors based on grating-coupled surface plasmon resonance (GCSPR) technology are an important research topic in the field of bio-photonics. This paper presents a high-performance and high-sensitivity nanostructured bimetallic GCSPR sensor based on two-dimensional materials. When designing the sensor, the sensitivity, full width at half peak (FWHM) and dip strength of the absorption peak (DS) were considered comprehensively, and the comprehensive evaluation parameter FOM+ is defined by making improvements on the basis of figure of merit (FOM). The performance of the sensor can be judged more comprehensively. The performance of the sensor was further improved by optimizing the structure of the sensor. An ultra-thin gold layer was added on the surface of the silver-based GCSPR sensor, which solves the problem of the easy oxidation of silver metal. We tried to coat graphene oxide two-dimensional nanomaterials on the surface of the bimetallic sensor, and the sensitivity and FOM+ of the sensor reached 350 deg/RIU and 473.23, respectively. This is a great improvement compared with the GCSPR sensor in a previous study, and it can be improved at least 74.7%. This sensor can measure a variety of biological molecules and biological cells with high sensitivity and performance by detecting the change in the refractive index of the solution to be measured.

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