Luca Del Zanna, Simone Landi, Lorenzo Serafini, Matteo Bugli, Emanuele Papini

A GPU-Accelerated Modern Fortran Version of the ECHO Code for Relativistic Magnetohydrodynamics

  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics

The numerical study of relativistic magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) plays a crucial role in high-energy astrophysics but unfortunately is computationally demanding, given the complex physics involved (high Lorentz factor flows, extreme magnetization, and curved spacetimes near compact objects) and the large variety of spatial scales needed to resolve turbulent motions. A great benefit comes from the porting of existing codes running on standard processors to GPU-based platforms. However, this usually requires a drastic rewriting of the original code, the use of specific languages like CUDA, and a complex analysis of data management and optimization of parallel processes. Here, we describe the porting of the ECHO code for special and general relativistic MHD to accelerated devices, simply based on native Fortran language built-in constructs, especially do concurrent loops, few OpenACC directives, and straightforward data management provided by the Unified Memory option of NVIDIA compilers. Thanks to these very minor modifications to the original code, the new version of ECHO runs at least 16 times faster on GPU platforms as compared to CPU-based ones. The chosen benchmark is the 3D propagation of a relativistic MHD Alfvén wave, for which strong and weak scaling tests performed on the LEONARDO pre-exascale supercomputer at CINECA are provided (using up to 256 nodes corresponding to 1024 GPUs, and over 14 billion cells). Finally, an example of high-resolution relativistic MHD Alfvénic turbulence simulation is shown, demonstrating the potential for astrophysical plasmas of the new GPU-based version of ECHO.

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