DOI: 10.3390/mi15010045 ISSN: 2072-666X

A Gas Flow Measurement System Based on Lead Zirconate Titanate Piezoelectric Micromachined Ultrasonic Transducer

Tao Liu, Zhihao Li, Jiahuan Zhang, Dongxiao Li, Hanjie Dou, Pengfan Wu, Jiaqian Yang, Wangyang Zhang, Xiaojing Mu
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Control and Systems Engineering

Ultrasonic flowmeter is one of the most widely used devices in flow measurement. Traditional bulk piezoelectric ceramic transducers restrict their application to small pipe diameters. In this paper, we propose an ultrasonic gas flowmeter based on a PZT piezoelectric micromachined ultrasonic transducer (PMUT) array. Two PMUT arrays with a resonant frequency of 125 kHz are used as the sensitive elements of the ultrasonic gas flowmeter to realize alternate transmission and reception of ultrasonic signals. The sensor contains 5 × 5 circular elements with a size of 3.7 × 3.7 mm2. An FPGA with a resolution of ns is used to process the received signal, and a flow system with overlapping acoustic paths and flow paths is designed. Compared with traditional measurement methods, the sensitivity is greatly improved. The flow system achieves high-precision measurement of gas flow in a 20 mm pipe diameter. The flow measurement range is 0.5–7 m/s and the relative error of correction is within 4%.

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