Akhil Marayikkottu Vijayan, Deborah A. Levin

A gas dynamic perspective on particle lifting in electrostatic discharge-like devices using multiphase particle-in-cell approach

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Computational Mechanics
  • Mechanical Engineering

Although particle–laden electrostatic discharges are widely used in laboratories as well as in industrial applications, the mechanism of particle lifting for particles initially at rest in such highly unsteady systems is not well understood. A multiphase gas–particle solver is developed using the multiphase particle-in-cell (MP-PIC) approach to emulate the interaction of a compressible shock-dominated gas phase with the dense particle phase. First, the two-way coupled solver is initially used to study the interaction of a planar traveling shock with a vertical curtain of particulates. The gas and particle phase evolution was found to be in good agreement with a similar experimental study in Ling et al. [Phys. Fluids 24, 113301 (2012)]. Second, the MP-PIC code is used to study the interaction of an expanding blast wave with a thick bed of particles. The simulation considered forces such as quasi-steady drag, pressure-gradient, added-mass, Saffman, and Magnus forces. We observe that the vertical liftoff particles close to the shock impingement point in this configuration are associated with the quasi-steady drag, pressure gradient, and added-mass forces. Also, the Saffman lift and Magnus forces contribute to lifting particles located radially farther away from the shock impingement point. In addition, the study finds a decrease in particle lifting efficiency with decreasing plasma kernel length and shock strength.

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