A Flexible Broadband Visible Light Plasmon‐Absorber Based on a 2D Monolayer of Au‐Nanoparticle/TiO2‐Nanowire Core–Shell HeterostructuresWen‐Yin Ko, Shin‐Chwen Yeh, Yun‐Chen Hsu, Hsiao‐Wen Chu, Kuan‐Jiuh Lin
- Mechanical Engineering
- Mechanics of Materials
Plasmon‐induced hot carrier transfer is a promising approach for photoelectric applications, but its practical application is often hindered by its relatively narrow absorption bandwidth and low light harvesting at visible wavelengths. This work reports a broadband visible light plasmon‐absorber based on a dandelion‐like hierarchical metal‐semiconductor Au‐TiO2 core–shell nanostructure where each Au nanoparticle (AuNP) core is covered by an optically transparent mesh‐shell composed of TiO2 nanowires (TNWs) (denoted as AuTNW‐dCS). These AuTNW‐dCSs are assembled to form a 2D arrayed plasmonic monolayer by connecting adjacent AuNPs with cross‐linked TiO2 NWs, which can induce a remarkable broadband absorption in the visible spectrum of 500–700 nm. Driven by a wide light adsorption range, improved hot‐electron carriers, and excellent analyst's immobilization capability, the AuTNW‐dCS based photoelectric immunosensor owns excellent performance for alpha‐fetoprotein detection in human serum, with a practical linear range of 0.1–1000 ng mL−1, a low detection limit of 0.1 ng mL−1, and satisfying selectivity under visible light‐emitting diode light irradiation. This work enlightens the prospective research on the use of metal/semiconductor core–shell heterostructures as photoactive materials for sensing applications. Additionally, it gives an impetus for developing flexible nanofilms based on plasmonic metal/semiconductor nanohybrids, beneficial for building wearable point‐of‐need platform.